Starting & Driving Knowledge

Gear Positions

“P” Park

The “P” (PARK) position supplements the parking brake by locking the transmission while the vehicle is parked.  The engine can be started in this position. Apply the parking brake before leaving the vehicle in this position.

Warning

  1. If the brake pedal is not depressed and held, the shift-lock device activates to prevent the selector lever from being moved from the “P” (PARK) position to another position.
  2. Never shift into the “P” (PARK) position while the vehicle is in motion.

“R”  Reverse

Shift into this position only after the vehicle has come to a complete stop.

“N” Neutral

The engine may be started in this position.

Warning

  1. Always depress the brake pedal when shifting the selector lever into a gear from the “N” (NEUTRAL) position. When beginning to drive, do not shift the selector lever from the “N” (NEUTRAL) position while depressing the accelerator pedal; doing so is dangerous because the vehicle will “jump” forward or backward.
  2. On a slope, the engine should be started in the “P” (PARK) position, not in the “N” (NEUTRAL) position.

Page No. 80 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

“D”  Drive

For most city and highway driving.

“2″  Second

For driving slowly in heavy city traffic or on mountain roads where more precise speed control is desired.Also use it when climbing long grades, and for engine braking when descending moderately steep grades.

“L” Low

For driving up extremely steep hills and for “engine braking” at low speeds [25 mph (40 km/h) or less] when going downhill.Maximum driving speed (Vehicle with automatic transmission)

In order to avoid damage to the engine from excessively high rpm, do not exceed the recommended maximum driving speed when the selector lever is set to the “2″ (SECOND) position or the “L” (LOW) position.

3000 (12 valve) models 3000 (24 valve) models

Rocking the vehicle

If the vehicle becomes stuck in snow, sand, or mud, it can often be moved by a rocking motion. Move the selector lever rhythmically between the “L” (LOW) and “R” (REVERSE) position, while applying slight pressure to the accelerator pedal.

Avoid racing the engine or spinning the wheels. Prolonged efforts to free a stuck vehicle may result in overheating and transmission failure. Allow the engine to idle for a few minutes to let the transmission cool between rocking attempts. If the vehicle remains stuck after several rocking attempts, seek other assistance.

WARNING

When attempting to rock your vehicle out of a stuck position, be sure that the area around the vehicle is clear of people and physical objects. The rocking motion may cause the vehicle to suddenly lurch forward or backward, causing injury or damage to nearby people or objects.

Holding on an upgrade

Never hold the vehicle stationary while in gear on an upgrade with the accelerator pedal, or transmission overheating may occur. Use the foot brake.

Page No. 81 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

STARTING & DRIVING KNOWLEDGE

STARTING & DRIVING KNOWLEDGE – Page 1

Page 2 of 15

Overdrive control switch

During ordinary driving, the overdrive switch should be left in the pressed-in (ON) position. (The overdrive off indicator light in the instrument cluster will be OFF.) Automatic shifting will be performed in the range from 1st gear through 4th gear if the selector lever is set at the “D” position while the overdrive switch is pressed in. When you need quick acceleration or engine braking power on a downhill grade, or when you are going to go up a long hill, press the overdrive switch once again to cancel the overdrive function. The overdrive off indicator light in the instrument cluster will illuminate and automatic shifting will be performed in the range from 1st gear through 3rd gear only.

A/T mode changeover switch (if so equipped)

According to the road conditions, set the switch at the “NORMAL”, “PWR” or “HOLD mode” for normal driving, for greater power driving or for shift stage hold driving. Each time you press the switch, the “NORMAL”, “PWR” and “HOLD” modes will switch alternatively. The “PWR” and “HOLD” indicator in the instrument panel comes on or off. Normally, drive your vehicle in the “NORMAL” mode where the switch is not pressed. (The “PWR” and “HOLD” indicators go out.).

Page No. 82 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual “WR” driving, shift O/D” .The

NORMAL

Select this mode for normal driving. In this mode, your vehicle will run quietly and smoothly with good fuel economy.

PWR (POWER)

Use this mode when more engine power is desired such as when driving in mountainous areas, or passing vehicles at high speed. When this switch is pressed, the indicator light in the instrument cluster illuminates.

HOLD

Select the “HOLD” mode when starting your vehicle on a road surface slippery from snow or the like, and the vehicle will start smoothly in second gear. Page No. 83 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

When automatic transmission makes no speed change (Vehicles with A/T mode changeover switch) If speed change can not be made during operation or the vehicle does not pick up enough speed when starting on an uphill grade, it is suspected that there is something abnormal happened in the transmission, causing a safety device to operate. Have the vehicle checked at MITSUBISHI dealer as soon as possible.

  1. If it is heard to start the vehicle on an upgrade or the like, shift the lever into “L”, This will facilitate starting of the vehicle.
  2. If the vehicle is on a level road, shift the lever back to “D”.

NOTE

The A/T oil temperature warning lamp flashes indicating that there is an abnormal condition in the transmission.

Manual transmission

The shift pattern is shown on the gearshift lever. Depress the clutch pedal fully while shifting gears. Never shift into “R” (REVERSE) when the vehicle is moving.

NOTE

During cold weather, shifting may be difficult until the transmission lubricant has warmed up. This is normal and not harmful to the transmission.

To Start

Depress the clutch pedal fully and shift into 1st. Then gradually release the clutch pedal while depressing the accelerator pedal. If it is hard to shift into 1st, depress the clutch pedal again; the shift can then easily be made. Page No. 84 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

STARTING & DRIVING KNOWLEDGE – Page 2    
Page 3 of 15

Proper shift points (With transfer case shift lever in the 2H position)

UPSHIFTING

In order to efficiently utilize your manual transmission for both fuel economy and performance, it should be upshifted as listed below. At low altitude locations, shift at the vehicle speeds listed for acceleration. Earlier upshifts during cruise conditions (relatively steady speeds) will result in increased fuel economy.

Normal Acceleration mph (km/h)

Acceleration

Cruise

Condition

12(20)

15(24)

1st to 2nd

37(59)

43(69)

2st to 3nd

34(54)

33(53)

stto 4nd

59(37)

43(69)

4th to 5th

At high altitude locations, it should be upshifted as listed below.

Condition

Upshift Speed mph (km/h)

15 (25)

1st to 2nd

25 (40)

2nd to 3rd

40 (65)

3rd to 4th

45 (70)

4th to 5th

DOWNSHIFTING

It is recommended that you downshift to the lower gear according to the table as necessary to maintain the desired speed. Avoid downshifting at too high a speed; the engine may suffer damage from over speeding. To maintain a safe speed and prolong brake life, shift down to 2nd or 1st when descending a steep grade. Downshifting is also important to avoid “Iugging” the engine at too low a speed, such as when turning a corner or when driving up a steep grade.

Recommended downshifting speed

Condition

Downshifting Speed mph (km/h)

3rd to 2nd

4th to 2nd

5th to 2nd

Under 20 (30

4th to 3rd

5th to 3rd

20 to 30 (30 to 45)

Driving precautions

  1. Do not rest your foot on the clutch pedal as this will cause premature clutch wear or damage.
  2. To shift into the “R” (REVERSE) position, first set the shift lever in the “N” (NEUTRAl) position. and then move it into the “R” (RE- VERSE) position. Nevershift into the “R” (REVERSE) position when the vehicle is moving.
  3. The table below indicates the possible driving speeds in which the vehicle may be driven in each gear without causing the engine to run at excessive engine speeds.
  4. Do not coast in the “N” (NEUTRAL) position (illegal in many states).
  5. Do not use the gearshift lever as a handrest, this can result in premature wear of the transmission shift forks.

Page No. 85 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Possible driving speed

Mph (km/h)

3000 (12 valve) models

4HLLc

2H, 4H, 4HLc

Condition

12(20)

27 (45)

1st

24 (40)

46 (80)

2nd

40 (65)

77 (125)

3rd

55 (90)

108 (175)

4th

Mph (km/h)

3000 (24 valve) models

4HLLc

2H, 4H, 4HLc

Condition

12(20)

24 (40)

1st

21 (36)

46 (75)

2nd

37 (60)

74 (120)

3rd

55 (90)

105 (170)

4th

Active Trac 4WD

Selection of two-wheel drive or four- wheel drive can be made by operating the transfer shift lever. Confirm the shift by noting the illumination of the 2WD/4WD indicator.

  1. Transfer shift lever (Vehicles with manual transmission)
  2. Transfer shift lever (Vehicles with automatic transmission)
  3. 2WD/4WD indicator

Page No. 86 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Transfer shift lever operation

The transfer case operation

The transfer case shift lever is used to select either two-wheel-drive or four-wheel- drive. Also, while in four-wheel drive, the shift lever can be used to select whether the center differential is locked or unlocked, and to select either low speed, or high speed gearing.

LIST OF DRIVETRAIN CHARACTERISTICS

Transfer Shift Pattern

Position

2WD / 4WD

High / Low

Center Differential

Driving Condition

Manual Transmission

2H

2WD

High

  For driving on a dry ordinary road or highway (Economical driving position)

4H

4WD

High

Operation

For ordinary and slippery road driving.

4HLc

4WD

High

Locked

For driving on rough. sandy or snow covered roads.
Automatic Transmission

N

Vehicle for manual transm-ission only.

      In this position the Vehicle drive train is disconnected from the engine and transmission.

4LLc

4WD

Low

Locked

When an especially large amount 01 drive power is required, such as in deep snow or in extremely muddy or sandy conditions or low speed off road use.

CAUTION

  1. “4HLc” or “4LLc” position should never be used on dry paved road surfaces; this would result in increased wear to the tires, the clutch and other powertrain parts, and in- creased fuel consumption and possible noise generation. It may also increase the differential oil temperature, resulting in possible damage to the driving system parts.
  2. Your vehicle engine should never be operated with the engine oil level below the “MIN” mark on the dipstick. In rough terrain which requires four-wheel-drive traction, en- sure that the engine oil level is above the “MIN” mark on the dipstick.

Page No. 87 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Visual recognition of ACTIVE TRAC 4WD system operation

The 2WD/4WD indicator on the instrument cluster allows the driver to note the current operational state of the system. The front and rear wheel symbol lights illuminate when these wheels are engaged. The center differential lock symbol light also illuminates when it is in the locked position.

NOTE

The symbol light flashes while the selection is in process.
Page No. 88 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual
Transfer case shifting procedures

WARNING

Do not operate the transfer shift lever when the rear wheels of the vehicle have lost traction and are spinning.

NOTE

  1. If the transfer shift lever is shifted slowly from “2H” to “4H”, the transmission gear may make a noise. In this case, shift back the transfer shift lever to “2H”, and then after confirming that 2WD/4WD indicator is on “2H”, proceed with shifting the lever from “2H” to “4H” again.
  2. When shifting from “2H” to “4H” (while the vehicle is in motion) in a cold climate, and before the vehicle is fully warmed-up, there may be gear clash. If this occures, stop the vehicle before attempting the “2H” to “4H” shift.
  3. It is common for there to be a delayed engagement of the center differential lock, if this occures, depress and re- lease the accelerator slowly a few times with the vehicle running straight ahead.

Vehicles with manual transmission

To shift transfer case from

To

Procedure

2H

4H or

4HLc

The lever can be operated between these positions while the vehicle is either moving or stopped.In case the selection is to be made while the vehicle is moving, operate the lever after releasing the accelerator pedal and with the vehicle running straight ahead.

NOTE

Shifting of the lever between “2H”to “4H” or vice versa should be made at the speed below 62mph (100 km/h)

4H

2H or

4HLc

4HLc

2HLc or

2H

4HLc

4LLc

1. If the vehicle is moving, first bring it to a complete stop.2. Depress the clutch pedal, or set the transmission shift to the neutral position.

3. Shift transfer case shift lever in 4HLc or 4LLc position while keeping the transfer shift lever pushed.

4LLc

4HLc

 Page No. 89 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Vehicles with automatic transmission

To shift transfer case from

To

Procedure

2H

4H or

4HLc

The lever can be operated between these positions while the vehicle is either moving or stopped.In case the selection is to be made while the vehicle is stopped, operate the transfer shift lever after setting the transmission selector lever to the “N” (NEUTRAL) position. In case the selection is to be made while the vehicle is moving, operate the transfer shift lever after setting the transmission selector lever to the “D” (DRIVE) position.

NOTE

Shifting of the lever between “2H”to “4H” or vice versa should be made at the speed below 62mph (100 km/h)

4H

2H or

4HLc

4HLc

2HLc or

2H

4HLc

4LLc

1.        If the vehicle is moving, first bring it to a complete stop.2.        Set the transmission selector lever to the “N” (NEUTRAL) position.

3.        Shift the transfer case shift lever in 4HLc or 4LLc position while keeping the transfer shift lever pushed.

4LLc

4HLc

WARNING

Vehicles have a neutral position between” 4HLc” and “4LLc”. When shifting between these two selections be sure to shift firmly and until the operation indicator is switched over to the new selection.Rear differential lock (if so equipped)The rear differential lock is a device which allows the vehicle to continue its process even if traction to one of the rear wheels is lost.

  1. Rear differential lock switch
  2. Rear differential lock indicator

The rear differential lock indicator will illuminate for about 5 seconds when the ignition key is turned on.
Page No. 90 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual
Operating the rear differential lock:

  1. Turn on the rear differential lock by pushing the upper side of the rear differential lock switch.
  2. Confirm that the rear differential has locked by noting the illumination of the operation indicator.

NOTE

Maintain the vehicle speed below 12 mph (20 km/h) during operation of the rear differential lock.

CAUTION

  1. The rear differential does not lock when the transfer shift lever is in “4H” or the “2H” position.
  2. For safety sake, the rear differential can not be locked at speeds greater than 7 mph 112 km/h). Reduce speed to lock.
  3. Operate the rear differential switch only after stopping all wheel rotation. Operating the switch with the wheels rotating may cause the vehicle to dart in an unexpected direction.
  4. When the rear differential lock is operated on a vehicle with Anti-lock braking system (ABS), the ABS may not function sufficiently. Refer to “Anti- lock braking system” on page 98.

In case the operation indicator flickers when the rear differential lock switch has been turned on:

  1. If the vehicle speed is more than 7 mph (12 km/h) reduce speed be- low 3 mph (6 km/h).
  2. Move the steering wheel to the right and left if speed of the vehicle is below 7 mph (12 km/h).

Page No. 91 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual
Releasing the rear differential lock:

  1. Turn off the rear differential lock by pushing the lower side of the differential lock switch.
  2. Confirm that the differential has unlocked by noting that the operation indicator is no longer illuminated.

NOTE

If the transfer shift lever is set to “4H” or “2H” position while the differential lock is locked, the lock will be automatically released. If the operation indicator keeps flickering even if the rear differential Jock has been turned off: Depress and release the accelerator several times while driving straight ahead. Examples of effective use of the rear differential lock

  1. When one or more wheels have lost contact with the ground.
  2. When driving on roc key roads, one or more wheels have lost contact with the ground.
  3. In heavy snow or mud when one of the rear wheels has lost traction.

Page No. 92 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Examples of incorrect usage of the rear differential lock

WARNING

Improper usage of the rear differential lock is extremely dangerous. Do not use the rear differential lock when driving on normal roads. Incorrect use of it may make the vehicle difficult to turn or cause it to change directions abruptly. Be sure to confirm that the operation indicator is off when driving on normal roads.

  1. If the rear differential lock is used by mistake when driving on a paved road, the power to drive the vehicle straight ahead becomes very strong, which may make it difficult to turn the steering wheel.
  2. If the rear differential lock is used by mistake when turning a curve or making a right or left turn at a crossing, the vehicle may be unable to make the turn and may go straight ahead.
  3. If the rear differential lock is used by mistake except when making an emergency escape on snow or frozen road, it be- comes difficult to make a steady turn.
  4. In case the condition of a road is different for the right tire from the left tire (such as one tire on a paved road and the other on ice), the direction of the vehicle may change abruptly when there is engine braking or accelerating.

Do not use the rear differential lock except when making an emergency escape on a snow covered or frozen road.
Page No. 93 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Limited-slip differential (if so equipped)

A limited-slip differential, if the vehicle is so equipped, is for the rear wheel differential only. The features of this limited-slip differential are described below: Just as with a conventional differential, the wheel on one side is allowed to turn at a different speed from the wheel on the other side when the vehicle is cornering. The difference between the limited-slip differential and a conventional differential is that if the wheel on one side of the vehicle loses traction, a greater amount of torque is applied to the rear wheel on the other side to improve traction.

NOTE

Even if there is a difference in the amount of traction, if both of the wheels are spinning, the limited-slip differential will not be effective. The following procedures can be used to confirm that the limited-slip differential is functioning properly:

  1. Position the vehicle so that one wheel is on a dry paved surface and the other on ice, snow, mud, etc. Drive the vehicle, and observe the operation of the limited-slip differential. The vehicle should not become stuck if the differential is functioning properly.
  2. Depress the accelerator pedal gradually, and then when traction is good, depress it forcefully. If the vehicle accelerates well, the differential is functioning properly.

CAUTION

  1. Never start the engine while one of the rear wheels is jacked up and the other in contact with the ground; doing so may cause the vehicle to jump forward.
  2. If one of the rear wheels begins to spin in mud, snow, etc., the vehicle can sometimes be driven out by depressing the accelerator pedal further; however, avoid running the engine continuously at high rpm because doing so could damage the limited-slip differential.

3. mode variable shock absorber (if so equipped)

Depending on driving conditions or driver preference shock absorber calibration (damping force) can be adjusted in 3 modes.

1. 3-mode variable shock absorber changeover switch
Page No. 94 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual
2. Indicator
The changeover switch may be operated with the ignition key in the “ON” position.

MEDIUM Mode

This is the recommended mode for original driving conditions.

SOFT Mode

Select the SOFT mode if soft damping is desired. This would be a good selection for a long trip on the freeway when maximum comfort is desired. Page No. 95 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

HARD Mode

Select the HARD mode if firm damping is desired (To be used when driving off-road, driving with a heavy load, or driving on a road with many curves.)

Parking brake

To apply the parking brake, pull the lever up without pushing the button at the end of the hand grip. When the parking brake is applied and the ignition is switched to the “ON” position, the warning light in the instrument cluster will illuminate. Before driving, be sure to release the parking brake. To release the brake, pull the lever up slightly, press in the button at the end of the hand grip, and then push downward. When parking on a hill, apply the parking brake and turn the front wheels toward the curb on a downhill grade; away from the curb on an uphill grade and chock the wheels.

Page No. 96 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

For vehicles with automatic transmission

Be sure that the parking brake is firmly set when parked and that the selector lever is in the “P” (PARK) position. When parking on a hill, it is important to set the parking brake before moving the selector lever to “P” (PARK) position. This prevents loading the parking brake pawl against the transmission gear. When this happens, it is difficult to move the selector lever out of the “P” (PARK) position.

For vehicles with manual transmission

Place the transfer case shift lever except N position, and the gearshift lever into the reverse position when parking on a downhill grade, into the first position on an uphill grade.

Brake pedal

Excessive use of the brake can cause fading, resulting in poor brake response and premature wear of brake linings. When driving down a long or steep-grade, use engine braking by shifting the transmission into a lower gear (manual transmission) or “2″ (SECOND) or “L” (LOW) position (automatic transmission).

CAUTION

It is important that you do not drive the vehicle with your foot resting on the brake pedal when braking is not required. This practice can result in abnormally high brake temperatures, lining wear, and possible damage to the brakes.

Power brakes

Your vehicle is equipped with a power brake to obtain greater braking force with minimum brake pedal effort. Your brakes are designed to operate at full capacity, even if the power brake does not function. If the power brake is not functioning, the pedal effort will increase, providing the sensation of not having applied the brakes. In the event the power assist is lost for any reason, (for example, repeated brake applications with the engine off), the brakes will still function. The effort required to brake the vehicle will be substantially increased over that required with the power system operation. If either of the two brake hydraulic systems loses normal capability, the remaining system will still function with some loss of overall braking effectiveness. This will be evident by increased pedal travel during application, greater pedal force required to slow or stop, and activation of the Brake Warning Light.

WARNING

If the power assist is lost or if either brake hydraulic system loses normal capability, take your vehicle to an authorized dealer immediately.

Page No. 97 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Warning sound for brake pad wear

When the amount of wear of the front and rear brake pads approaches the limit of useful service, a squeaking metallic sound will be heard during driving. This sound is emitted by the warning device built in the brake pad. When you hear this metallic, friction-caused sound, the brake pads should be replaced promptly at an authorized dealer.

Anti-lock braking system (if so equipped)

The anti-lock braking system prevents the wheels from locking during braking, thus helping maintain directional stability and minimizing braking distance.

  1. Even with the anti-lock braking system, the steering wheel operation during sudden braking (when the anti-lock braking system functions) differs slightly from when the brakes are not being applied. Be sure to operate the steering wheel carefully.
  2. Although the braking distance for vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system is generally shorter than for those without, because this difference will vary according to the road condition and other factors, maintain the same distance from the vehicle in front of you as you would for a vehicle not equipped with an anti-lock braking system.
  3. Also, because the braking distance on gravel or slick roads may be longer than for a vehicle not equipped with an anti-lock braking system, these roads should be driven at reduced speeds. When on slippery surfaces, apply the brakes smoothly and maintain brake pedal pressure. Do not “pump” the brakes on vehicles equipped with anti-lock braking system.
  4. After driving on snow or ice covered roads, remove any snow and ice which may have adhered to the wheel areas. When doing this, be careful not to damage the wheel speed sensors and cables located at each wheel on vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking system.
  5. If the anti-lock braking system warning light (refer to page 62.). Illuminates after starting the engine or while driving, it indicates that the anti-lock braking system is not functioning and that only the normal brake system is in operation. (Of course the normal brake system will still function properly). If this occurs, take your vehicles to an authorized dealer.

Page No. 98 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

NOTE

  1. Some vibration will be felt in the vehicle body, the steering wheel, and the brake pedal when the anti-lock braking system functions. This is a normal result of the anti-lock braking system operation and does not indicate a malfunction.
  2. After the engine is started, and when your speed reaches approximately 4.9 mph (8 km/h) a whining sound and the sound of a motor operating will be heard from the engine compartment. These are normal sounds of the anti-Jock braking system performing a self check, and do not indicate a mal-function.

CAUTION

To prevent a possible failure of the A.B.S. to perform normal operation, be sure to observe the following:
1. Do not install the limited slip differential.
2. Mount all four wheels with tires of the same specified size and type.

Steering wheel tilt lock lever

To adjust the steering wheel up or down, move the tilt lock lever down-ward to unlock, and raise or lower the steering wheel to the desired level. After adjustment, securely tighten the lever by pulling it upward.

WARNING

Do not attempt to adjust the steering wheel while driving. This can be dangerous.

Page No. 99 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Power steering

The power steering system of your vehicle provides mechanical steering capability in the event power assist is lost. If for any reason (such as engine stalling), the hydraulic pressure is interrupted, it will still be possible to steer your vehicle.

Under these conditions you will observe a substantial increase in steering effort and a noticeable amount of “free play” in the steering wheel. Should loss of hydraulic pressure occur, take your vehicle to an authorized dealer.

Rearview mirrors

Adjust the rearview mirrors after making seat adjustments so that the proper view can be obtained.

WARNING

Do not attempt to adjust the rear view mirrors while driving. This can be dangerous. Be sure to adjust the mirrors before driving.

Inside day/night type mirror

Adjust the inside mirror to maximize the view through the rear window. Make this adjustment while the day/night knob is in the daytime position. To reduce glare from other vehicles’ headlights. switch the lever to the night position.

Electric remote-controlled outside mirrors (if so equipped)

The outside rearview mirrors can be adjusted when the ignition key is in the “ON” or “ACC” position.

Place the center lever to the same side as the mirror whose adjustment is desired:

L. Left outside mirror adjustment

R. Right outside mirror adjustment

Press the left, right. up, or down switches to adjust the mirrors.

o     Up

o     Down

o     Right

o     Left

Page No. 100 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

The outside mirror can be folded in towards the side window to prevent damage when parking in tight locations.

Heated mirror (if so equipped)

With the rear window defogger switch is pressed, the outside rearview mirrors are defogged or defrosted. Current will flow through the heater element inside the mirrors, thus clearing away the frost or condensation.

Cruise control equipped

Cruise control is an automatic speed control system to maintain a desired driving speed [25 mph (40 km/h) or higher] without operating the accelerator pedal. This feature is especially useful for freeway driving.

To activate

Press the main switch to switch on (the indication light will illuminate), and then pull down the speed set switch while driving at the desired speed.

When the cruise control is activated, the “CRUISE” indicator located in the instrument cluster will illuminate.

CAUTION

  1. The use of the cruise control is not recommended when driving conditions do not permit maintaining a constant speed, such as heavy traffic or on roads that are winding, icy, snow-covered, wet, slippery or a steep downhill grade.
  2. If while driving at the set speed, the shift lever is set to “N” (NEUTRAL) position without depressing the clutch pedal, the engine speed will increase excessively, and the engine might be damaged.

Page No. 101 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

NOTE

  1. As a safety precaution, the main switch should be set to the off position except when using the cruise control system.
  2. Note that the vehicle speed that has been set may not be maintained on uphill or downhill slopes.
  3. The vehicle speed may drop to less than the set speed on a steep uphill grade; so the accelerator must be used if you want to maintain that speed.
  4. The vehicle speed may increase to more than the set speed on a steep down-hill grade. When this occurs, turn off the cruise control switch.

WARNING

Never turn off the ignition key while the vehicle is in motion.

To deactivate

The cruise control can be deactivated, and the speed memory erased, by turning off the main switch or by turning the ignition key to the OFF position.

To reactivate the cruise control after the speed memory has been erased, reset as described in the section “To activate”.

The cruise control can be deactivated in any of the following ways without erasing the memory:

  1. By depressing the brake pedal.
  2. By pulling the speed set switch to-ward you.
  3. By depressing the clutch pedal (for models with manual, transmission)
  4. By moving the selector lever to “N” (for models with the automatic transmission).
  5. When, on a steep slope, etc., the vehicle speed decreases to a speed which is 9 mph (15 km/h) or more below the set speed.
  6. When the vehicle speed decreases to 25 mph (40 km/h) or less.

Page No. 102 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

To resume the set speed

To resume the previously set speed, pull up the speed set switch while driving at a speed of 25 mph (40 km/h) or higher.

To increase the set speed

Pull up and hold the speed set switch; the speed will then gradually increase. When the desired speed is reached, release the switch; the vehicle is set to cruise at that speed.

To increase the speed quickly, use the accelerator pedal to increase the vehicle speed, and then pull down the speed set switch.

To decrease the set speed

Pull down and hold the speed set switch while driving at the set speed, the speed will gradually decrease. When the desired speed is reached, release the switch.

To decrease the speed quickly, use the brake pedal to reduce the vehicle speed, and then pull down the speed set switch.

To accelerate for passing

Depress the accelerator pedal in the normal way. When the pedal is released, the vehicle will return to the set speed.

Catalytic converter

The catalytic converter requires the use of unleaded fuel only. Leaded gasoline will destroy the effectiveness of the catalyst as an emission-control device. Under normal operating conditions, the catalytic converter will not require maintenance.

However, it is important to keep the engine properly tuned to assure proper catalyst operation and prevent possible catalyst damage.

CAUTION

Damage to the catalytic converter can result if your vehicle is not kept in proper operating condition. In the event of an engine malfunction, particularly involving engine misfire or other apparent loss of performance, have your vehicle serviced promptly. Continued operation of your vehicle with a severe overheated condition may result in possible damage to the converter and vehicle.

Page No. 103 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

WARNING

As with any vehicle, do not park or operate this vehicle in areas where combustible materials such as dry grass or leaves can come in contact with a hot exhaust system since a fire could occur.

In unusual situations involving grossly malfunctioning engine operation, a scorching odor may indicate severe and abnormal catalyst overheating.

If this occurs, the vehicle should be stopped, the engine shut off and the vehicle allowed to cool.

Once the engine is cool, service, including a tune-up to manufacturer’s specifications, should be obtained immediately.

Note to minimize the possibility of catalyst damage:

  1. Do not shut off the engine or interrupt the ignition when the transmission is in gear and the vehicle is in motion.
  2. Do not try to start the engine by pushing or towing the vehicle.
  3. Do not idle the engine with any spark plug wires disconnected or removed, such as when performing diagnostic tests.
  4. Do not idle the engine for prolonged periods during very rough idle or malfunctioning operating conditions.
  5. Do not drive with an extremely low fuel level; running out of gas could cause damage to the catalytic converters.

Exhaust gas warning

Exhaust gases contain carbon monoxide, a potentially toxic gas that is colorless and odorless. To avoid breathing these gases, the following precautions should be observed:

  1. Do not run the engine in a closed garage or in confined areas any longer than needed to move your vehicle in or out of the area.
  2. If it is necessary to sit in a parked vehicle with the engine running, adjust your heating or cooling controls to force outside air into the vehicle. Set the blower at high speed.
  3. To avoid drawing exhaust gases into the vehicle, the back door should be closed while driving. However, if for some reason they must remain open, close all windows, and adjust the heating or cooling system to force outside air into the vehicle. Set the blower at high speed.

Page No. 104 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Safe driving techniques

Driving safety and protection against injury cannot be fully ensured. However, we recommend that you give extra attention to the following:

  1. Before starting the vehicle make certain that you and your passengers have fastened the seat belts and that all doors are locked.
  2. When leaving the vehicle, pull the parking brake lever and place the gearshift lever into low gear [in vehicles with an automatic transmission, place the selector lever in the “P” (PARK) position].
  3. Never leave your vehicle unattended with the key in the ignition and children inside the vehicle. Children may play with the driving controls and this could lead to an accident.
  4. Before changing lanes, check your rearview mirrors and flash your turn-signal lights.
  5. Maintain specified tire inflation pressures. Replace tires before they are excessively worn.
  6. During an emergency stop, switch on the hazard warning flasher.
  7. While driving, watch the behavior of other drivers, bicyclists and pedestrians.
  8. Make sure that infants and small children are properly restrained in accordance with the laws in your state and for maximum protection in case of an accident.
  9. Always drive in conformity with applicable laws and regulations, and traffic and road conditions. Be a courteous and alert driver. Always leave room for unexpected events, such as sudden braking.
  10. Never drive when you are sleepy or fatigued. Never drive when alcohol, drugs, or medication have affected your judgment, reflexes or alertness.

Vehicle preparation for extended driving

Before starting on a trip, do the following checks to obtain the greatest possible enjoyment and safety from your vehicle:

Seat Belts

Check seat belt buckles and release mechanisms for positive action and secure connections.

Defrosters

Check operation by selecting the defroster mode, and set the blower switch for high speed operation. You should be able to feel the air directed against the windshield. (Refer to “Heater/Air conditioning” page 139.)

Tires

Examine tires for excessive tread wear or uneven wear patterns. Check for stones, nails, glass, or other objects lodged in the tread. Inspect for tread cuts or sidewall cracks. Check wheel nuts for tightness, and tires (including spare tire) for proper pressure.

Page No. 105 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Lights

Have someone observe the operation of all exterior lights while you activate the controls. Check the turn signal and high-beam indicators on the instrument panel.

Fluid leaks

Check the area under the vehicle after overnight parking for fuel, water, oil or other fluid leaks. Make sure all fluid levels are at the proper levels. Also, if fuel fumes are detected, the cause should be located and corrected immediately.

On-pavement driving

Utility vehicles have higher ground clearance and narrower track to make them capable of performing in a wide variety of off-road applications. Specific design characteristics give them a higher center of gravity than ordinary cars. An advantage of the higher ground clearance is a better view of the road allowing you to anticipate problems. They are not designed for cornering at the same speeds as conventional 2-wheel drive vehicle any more than low- slung sports cars are designed to perform satisfactorily under off-road conditions. If at all possible, avoid sharp turns or abrupt maneuvers. As with other vehicles of this type, failure to operate this vehicle correctly may result in loss of control or vehicle roll-over.

Operation under adverse driving conditions

On a Sandy or Muddy Road

If the vehicle becomes stuck in snow, sand, or mud, it can often be moved by a rocking motion. Move the selector lever rhythmically between the “L” (LOW) and “R” (REVERSE) position (with manual transmission between 1st and REVERSE), while applying slight pressure to the accelerator pedal. Avoid racing the engine or spinning the wheels. Prolonged efforts to free a stuck vehicle may result in overheating and transmission failure. Allow the engine to idle for a few minutes to let the transmission cool between rocking attempts. If the vehicle remains stuck after several rocking attempts, seek other assistance.

WARNING

When attempting to rock your vehicle out of a stuck position, be sure that the area around the vehicle is clear of people and physical objects. The rocking motion may cause the vehicle to suddenly lurch forward or backward, causing injury or damage to nearby people or objects.

Page No. 106 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

It is recommended to start the vehicle with the parking brake partially, but not completely, applied by slightly pulling the parking brake lever.

After the vehicle has become free, do not forget to release the parking brake.

NOTE

Depress the accelerator pedal gradually when starting the vehicle.

On a flooded road

  1. Avoid flooded roads. Water could enter the brake discs, resulting in temporarily ineffective brakes. In such cases, lightly depress the brake pedal to see if the brakes operate properly. If they do not, lightly depress the pedal several times while driving in order to dry the brake pads or linings.
  2. When driving in rain or on a road with many puddles, a layer of water may form between the tires and the road surface. This reduces a tire’s frictional resistance on the road, resulting in loss of steering stability and braking capability. To cope with this, observe the following items:

(a) Drive your vehicle at a slower speed.

(b) Do not drive on worn tires. Always maintain the specified tire inflation pressures.

Four-wheel-drive operation

When driving in rough terrain it is best to hold the steering wheel with your thumbs on the outside of the rim. Otherwise, when the front wheels encounter ruts or rocks the steering wheel could suddenly be twisted allowing a spoke to strike your thumbs, resulting in possible injury.

Ascending a Steep Slope

Set the transfer case shift lever to the “4LLc” position so that the engine torque can be used most effectively.

  1. Select a smooth slope with a minimum of rocks, sand, holes, and bumps.
  2. The maximum climbing on a dry hard surface road is 35 degrees (25 degrees on vehicles with an automatic transmission).
  3. Before beginning the ascent, walk to the top of the slope to confirm that the vehicle will be able to make the climb.

WARNING

Go straight up. Do not try to angle across a steep slope. (The same is true when descending a steep hill).

If you begin to lose traction, ease off the accelerator pedal and work the steering wheel back and forth gently in an effort to regain adequate traction again.

Descending a steep slope

Set the transfer case shift lever to the “4LLc” position, use engine braking (downshifting), and descend slowly, so that the tires do not lock.

  1. If an obstacle during the descent causes sudden braking, control of the vehicle could become impossible. If at all possible, walk down the slope before beginning the descent to check the condition of the slope.
  2. Select the drive gear to be used before beginning the descent. Do not disengage the clutch while descending a steep slope.

Page No. 107 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

NOTE

Mitsubishi Motor Sales of America, Inc. is not responsible to the operator for any damage or injury caused or liability incurred by the improper and negligent operation of a vehicle. All techniques of vehicle operation described herein depend on the skill and experience of the operator and other participating parties and any deviation from the recommended operation instructions above is at their own risk.

Turning Sharp Corners

When turning a sharp corner in” 4HLc” or “4LLc” position, the same phenomenon that happens when doing so with the brakes applied may occur. This is called tight corner braking, and results from each of the four tires being at a different distance from the corner. The phenomenon is peculiar to four-wheel-drive vehicles. If this occurs, either straighten out the steering wheel, or change to “2H” or “4H” position.

Crossing a Stream

Four-wheel-drive vehicles are not completely waterproof. If the electrical circuits become wet, further operation of the vehicle will be impossible; therefore, avoid crossing streams unless absolutely necessary.

If crossing a stream is unavoidable, use the following procedure:

  1. Cross at a place where the water is less than 1.9ft. (60cm) deep. If you are not sure of the depth, get out and carefully wade in, if necessary, to better determine the safety in entering the stream.
  2. Set the transfer case shift lever to “4LLc” position.
  3. Drive slowly at a speed of approximately 3 mph (5 km/h) to avoid splashing too much water.

CAUTION

Do not attempt to cross a stream at a place where the water is more than 1.9 ft. (60 cm) deep. Do not change gears while crossing the stream. Frequent crossing of streams can adversely affect the life span of the vehicle; consult an authorized dealer and take the necessary measures to prepare, inspect, and repair the vehicle. After crossing a stream, inspect the brakes to be sure they are functioning properly. If the brakes are wet and not functioning properly, dry them out by driving slowly while lightly depressing the brake pedal.

After crossing a stream, inspect each part of the vehicle carefully. Refer to the “Inspection and maintenance following rough road operation” section.

Inspection and maintenance following rough road operation

After operating the vehicle in rough road conditions, be sure to carry out the following inspection and maintenance procedures:

  1. Check that the vehicle has not been damaged by rocks, gravel, etc.
  2. Carefully wash the vehicle with water. Drive the vehicle slowly while lightly depressing the brake pedal in order to dry out the brakes. If the brakes still do not function properly, contact an authorized dealer as soon as possible to have the brakes checked.
  3. If a stream has been crossed, check the engine, transmission, and differential oil. If the oil is milky or cloudy, it must be replaced with new oil. Have each linkage propeller shaft and wheel bearings greased and oil changed by your authorized dealer.

Page No. 108 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

On a snow-covered or frozen road

When driving on a snow-covered or frozen road, it is recommended that you use snow tires. Avoid high-speed operation, sudden acceleration, abrupt brake application, and sharp cornering. Depressing the brake pedal during travel on such a road may cause tire slippage and skidding.

When traction between the tires and the road is reduced, the wheels may skid, and the vehicle cannot be readily brought to a stop by conventional braking techniques. When a skid occurs, stop the vehicle by pumping the brake pedal with short rapid jabs. With each jab the brake must be fully applied and fully released for greatest effect. Allow extra distance between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of you, and avoid sudden braking.

Operation during cold weather

  1. Check the battery. During extremely cold weather, the battery capacity will decrease. Also, the battery power level may drop because more power is used for starting and lighting. Before driving the vehicle, check to see if the engine runs at the proper speed and if the headlights are at their usual intensity. Charge the battery if necessary. During the cold weather, it is possible that a discharged battery could freeze.
  2. Warm the engine sufficiently. After starting the engine, allow a short warm-up time to distribute oil to all cylinders. Then start to move your vehicle slowly. Manual transmissions may have a higher shift effort during cold weather operation. This is normal and shift effort will become easier as the transmission reaches a normal operating temperature. Maintain low-speed operation at first to allow the transmission, transfer case and rear axle oil to be distributed to all lubrication points.
  3. Check the engine antifreeze. If there is a shortage of coolant due to leakage or engine overheating, add high-quality ethylene glycol antifreeze and water. The recommended ratio for mixing is 50% antifreeze coolant. This ratio provides adequate corrosion and boiling protection.

Page No. 109 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual

Trailer towing

If you are considering a trailer-any-thing from a little 2-wheel utility trailer to a travel trailer-you should: First, check with your state to determine what legal requirements must be met. Laws vary widely from state to state and may list requirements for towing trailers only, towing vehicles only, or both.

Trailer hitches

Choose a proper hitch and ball, and make sure its location is compatible with that of the trailer. Use a good equalizing hitch which uniformly distributes the trailer tongue loads throughout the frame. Keep the trailer tongue load at 10% of the loaded trailer weight for deadweight hitches. Tongue loads can be adjusted by proper distribution of the load in the trailer. This can be checked by separately weighing the loaded trailer and then the tongue.

Trailer brakes

Trailer brakes of adequate size are required on trailers over 1,000 Ibs. (453 kg) loaded weight. If you use trailer brakes with this vehicle, follow the installation and balance instructions of the trailer brake manufacturer.

Safety chains

If the hitch connection between your vehicle and trailer should fail, your trailer could wander dangerously across other lanes of traffic. To prevent this, safety chains should be used between your vehicle and the trailer. This is required in most states.

Overheating

In any of the following situations, you may be able to reduce the cause of overheating by taking the appropriate action:

  1. With air conditioning on . . . Temporarily turn off the system.
  2. At highway speeds . . . Slow down.
  3. Going up hills . . . Select a lower gear.
  4. In stop and go city traffic . . . While stopped, put the transmission in neutral and idle the engine at a higher speed.

CAUTION

When towing a trailer, the following specifications are recommended. The loaded trailer weight should not exceed the value shown.

Page No. 110 of the Montero 1995 Owner’s Manual